1845-02-22: Pio Pico – the last Mexican Governor of Alta California

With the routing of Governor Micheltorena and his convict soldiers, Pio Pico becomes the last Mexican governor of Alta California.

http://www.sandiegohistory.org/bio/pico/picopio.htm

http://www.laalmanac.com/history/hi05s.htm

http://www.piopico.org/Life_of_Pio_Pico.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P%C3%ADo_Pico

Excerpt from Burbank – An Illustrated History by E. Caswell Perry:

"In 1842 an unpopular governor, Manuel Micheltorena, was appointed by Mexico City. Supported by his army of 300 cholos, or convict soldiers, he was bitterly resented by the Californios. In November 1844 an active revolt against him was initiated by both Northern and Southern Californians, themselves rivals but united in their desire to oust Micheltorena. Micheltorena defeated the northern faction, led by Jose Castro, near San Jose. But coming south to Los Angeles, even after building up his army to about 400, he was met by about the same number of Californios led by Juan Bautista Alvarado. The two small armies met between February 19-20, 1845, in the so-called Battle of Cahuenga. This was just west of Cahuenga Pass, on the San Fernando Valley side, at Alamos near present-day Studio City. One side had two small cannon, the other had three, and they limited their combat to a long-range artillery duel. The casualties totaled one horse and one mule, and both sides soon ran out of ammunition. The action could only be continued by each side's recovering the cannon balls of the other. Even today, an occasional cannon ball turns up when excavations are made in the battlefield area.

Micheltorena withdrew, stopping the desultory conflict. Finally, on February 22, Micheltorena agreed to leave California, taking his army with him. For all practical purposes, Mexico's control of Alta California was a thing of the past. Pio Pico was made the civil governor at Los Angeles and Jose Castro set up a rival regime at Monterey."

http://www.militarymuseum.org/LaProvidencia.html

Advertisements
Published in: on February 22, 1845 at 2:34 am  Leave a Comment  

The URI to TrackBack this entry is: https://ranchobolado.wordpress.com/1845/02/22/1845-02-22-pio-pico-the-last-mexican-governor-of-alta-california/trackback/

RSS feed for comments on this post.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: