1848-02-02: Peace Treaty of Guadelupe Hidalgo signed; Mexico Cedes California to the US

Treaty of Guadelupe Hidalgo signed, ending U.S. Mexican war. As a part of the Mexican Cession, in return for $15 million, Mexico ceeds California to the US.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Guadalupe_Hidalgo

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Published in: on February 2, 1848 at 5:34 pm  Leave a Comment  

1847-01-13: Treaty of Cahuenga ends U.S. Mexican War

End of Mexican war with US.

The Treaty of Campo de Cahuenga

TO ALL TO WHOM THESE PRESENTS SHALL COME, GREETING:

Know ye that, in consequence of propositions of peace, or cessation of hostilities, being submitted to me, as commandant of the California Battalion of United States forces, which have so far been acceded to by me as to cause me to appoint a board of commissioners to confer with a similar board appointed by the Californians, and it requiring a little time to close the negotiation; it is agreed upon and ordered by me that entire cessation of hostilities shall take place until tomorrow afternoon (January 13th), and that the said Californians be permitted to bring in their wounded to the mission of San Fernando, where, also, If they choose, they can remove their camp, to facilitate said negotiations.

Given under my hand and seal this twelfth day of January, 1847.

J. C. Fremont Lieutenant-Colonel United States Army, and Military Commandant of California

Articles of Capitulation made and entered into at the Rancho of Cahuenga, this thirteenth day of January, Anno Domini, eighteen hundred and forty-seven between P. B. Reading, Major; Louis McLane, Jr., Commanding Artillery; Wm. H. Russell, Ordnance Officer, Commissioners appointed by J. C. Fremont, Lieutenant-Colonel United States Army and Military Commandant of the Territory of California; and Jose Antonio Carillo, Commandante de Esquadron, Augustin Olivera, Diputado, Commissioners, appointed by Don Andres Pico, commander-in-chief of the California forces under the Mexican flag.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Cahuenga

Published in: on January 13, 1847 at 4:39 pm  Leave a Comment  

1846-07-07: Commodore John Drake Sloat claims all of California for the United States

Commodore John D. Sloat raises the American flag over the Customs House in Monterey claiming Monterey and all of California for the United States.

Sloat was Commander-in-chief of the United States naval forces in the Pacific ocean.

http://americahurrah.com/Larkin/Sloat.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_D._Sloat

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Monterey

http://www.militarymuseum.org/BFR.html

http://www.militarymuseum.org/MexWarLA.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexican_American_War_Campaigns

http://www.dmwv.org/mexwar/documents/sloat.htm

http://www.militarymuseum.org/AcqCA.html

http://www.sfmuseum.org/hist6/muzzey.html

http://www.sonofthesouth.net/mexican-war/mexican-war-time-line.htm

"GENERAL STEPHEN W. KEARNY was placed in command of the Army of the West, with instructions to conquer New Mexico and California. He left Fort Leavenworth in June, 1846, and, after a journey of 900 miles over the great plains and among mountain ranges, he arrived at Santa Fe, Aug. 18, having met with no resistance. Appointing Charles Brent governor, he marched towards California, and was soon met by an express from COMMODORE ROBERT F. STOCKTON, and LIEUT-COL. JOHN C. FREMONT, informing him that the conquest of California had been achieved. Fremont and a party of explorers, sixty in number, joined by American settlers in the vicinity of San Francisco, had captured a Mexican force at Sonoma pass, June 15, 1846, with the garrison, nine cannon, and 250 muskets. He then defeated another force at Sonoma, and drove the Mexican authorities out of that region of country. On July 5 the Americans in California declared themselves independent, and put Fremont at the head of affairs. On the 7th Commodore Sloat, with a squadron, bombarded and captured Monterey, on the coast; on the 9th Commodore Montgomery took possession of San Francisco. Commodore Stockton and Colonel Fremont took possession of Los Angeles on Aug. 17, and there they were joined by Kearny, who had sent the main body of his troops back to Santa Fe. Fremont went to Monterey, and there assumed the office of governor, and proclaimed, Feb. 8, 1847, the annexation of California to the United States."

http://www.sonofthesouth.net/mexican-war/war.htm

The second Cyane, a sloop, was launched 2 December 1837 by Boston Navy Yard. She was commissioned in May 1838, Commander J. Percival in command.

She sailed 24 June 1838 for duty in the Mediterranean, returning to Norfolk 16 May 1841. She cleared 1 November 1841 for the Pacific Station, returning 1 October 1844. Sailing again for the Pacific 10 August 1845, Cyane served on the west coast during the Mexican War. On 7 July 1846 her commanding officer, Captain W. Mervine, led a detachment of Marines and sailors from Commodore Sloat's squadron ashore at Monterey, Calif., hoisting the American flag at the Customs House and claiming possession of the city and all of upper California.

On 26 July 1846 Lieutenant Colonel J. C. Fremont's California Battalion boarded Cyane, now under the command of Commander S. F. DuPont, and she sailed for San Diego 29 July. A detachment of Marines and sailors from Cyane landed and took possession of the town, raising the American flag. They were followed shortly by the Fremont volunteers and Cyane's detachment returned aboard to sail for San Blas where a landing party destroyed a Mexican battery 2 September.

Entering the Gulf of California, Cyane seized La Paz and burned the small fleet at Guaymas. Within a month she cleared the Gulf of hostile ships, destroying or capturing 30 vessels. In company with Independence and Congress, she captured the town of Mazatlan, Mexico, 11 November 1847. She returned to Norfolk 9 October 1848 to receive the congratulations of the Secretary of the Navy for her significant contributions to American victory in Mexico.

http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/c16/cyane-ii.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Cyane_(1837)

http://personal.linkline.com/shoe62/anza/calhist5.html

 

1836-11-06: Juan Bautista Alvarado seizes Governorship of Alta California

November 6, 1836: Juan Bautista Alvarado seizes the Governorship of Alta California.

"Juan Bautista Alvarado, from 1836 to 1842. On November 6, 1836, the Departmental Assembly declared California a free and independent state, overthrew Gutierrez, who left the country, and Alvarado became governor. On August 20, 1837, Antonio Carrillo wrote to Governor Alvarado that his brother Carlos Antonio Carrillo had been appointed governor by the President. In 1838 Alvarado was appointed governor ad interim by the supreme government, and August 7, 1839, he was appointed permanent governor by the President. He died at San Pablo, July 13, 1882."

http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ca/state1/newca/newca3.html

"Alvarado served as governor through a tumulteous period, having risen to power when Californios rejected central government and chose to secede from Mexico. Mexican officials negotiated the return of California and gave Alvarado the governorship. For a short period, Jose Castro formed a counter-government to Alvarado (November 5 to December 7, 1836)"

http://www.californiahistory.net/5_PAGES/life_autonomy.htm

http://www.notfrisco.com/calarchive/governors.html#note12

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_pre-statehood_governors_of_California

http://www.sandiegohistory.org/journal/69winter/part2.htm

http://www.thehistorychannel.co.uk/site/search/search.php?word=ALVARADO%2C%20JUAN%20BAUTISTA&enc=1573

http://www.sfgenealogy.com/sf/history/hbbegn5.htm

http://www.sfgenealogy.com/sf/history/hbbeg8.htm

http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ca/state1/newca/newca3.html

http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/publications/journals/shq/online/v018/n2/article_1.html

http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ca/state1/tinkhamch3.html

http://www.answers.com/topic/california

Published in: on November 6, 1836 at 12:00 am  Leave a Comment  

1836-11-05: José Castro becomes Governor of Alta California in Counter-Government

José Castro becomes Governor of Alta California for the second time from November 5 to December 7, 1836 in opposition to Governor Juan Bautista Alvarado.

http://www.books-about-california.com/Pages/History_of_California_HEB/History_of_California_Govn.html

"Alvarado served as governor through a tumulteous period, having risen to power when Californios rejected central government and chose to secede from Mexico. Mexican officials negotiated the return of California and gave Alvarado the governorship. For a short period, Jose Castro formed a counter-government to Alvarado (November 5 to December 7, 1836)."

http://www.notfrisco.com/calarchive/governors.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jos%C3%A9_Castro

http://www.californiaweekly.com/ca_governors.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_pre-statehood_governors_of_California

http://www.sandiegohistory.org/journal/65june/pioneer.htm 

Published in: on November 5, 1836 at 10:34 pm  Leave a Comment  

1836-09-06: Nicolas Gutierrez becomes Governor of Alta California

Nicolas Gutierrez becomes Governor of Alta California.

Published in: on September 6, 1836 at 10:30 pm  Leave a Comment  

1836-05-03: Mariano Chico becomes Governor of Alta California

May 3, 1836, Mariano Chico becomes Governor of Alta California.

"After Figueroa's death in September 1835, Mariano Chico was appointed governor in January 1836, but he was very unpopular. Thinking a revolt was coming, he returned to Mexico to gather troops, but was reprimanded for leaving his post. Nicolas Gutierrez, the military commandante, assumed the governorship, but he too was unpopular. Alvarado (now senior member of the legislature) and [José] Castro, with political support from Vallejo and assistance from a group of Americans led by Isaac Graham, staged a revolt and forced Gutierrez to relinquish power"

http://www.answers.com/topic/alvarado-juan-bautista

"In January 1836, [Abel] Stearns was appointed to the "Comision de Policia" or the Committee for Public Order in Los Angeles. This was a vigilante group as there was no formal law enforcement in the pueblo at the time. Later that same year, California was saddled with another unpopular governor from Mexico: Mariano Chico. Chico thought it was reprehensible what Stearns and the other instigators of the Victoria revolt did to depose the former governor. Stearns was again ordered exiled to Mexico, this time by Governor Chico. But as in 1831, Stearns was allowed to remain while his nemesis, the Mexican governor was ousted instead. Chico remained in power only two months whereupon he forced to leave on the very ship which he ordered to have Stearns taken to Mexico.

Kielbasa, John R. Historic Adobes of Los Angeles County c 1997
http://www.laokay.com/halac/RanchoLosAlamitos.htm

"Chico clashed with Californios when he insisted on centralized government. He left to seek aid to subdue his charges and never returned. He served from January 2 to May 1, 1836."

http://www.notfrisco.com/calarchive/governors.html#note11

Published in: on May 3, 1836 at 10:04 pm  Leave a Comment  

1836-01-02: Nicolas Gutierrez becomes Governor ad interim of Alta California

"[Mariano] Chico, in leaving California, turned over the command, civil and military to Lieutenant Colonel Nicolas Gutierrez, who became governor ad interim. The diputacion resented this, believing the control should have been left with them.

In 1836 the Californians of the north rose in revolt and headed by Juan Bautista Alvarado, a young Californian of marked ability, drove Gutierrez from the country."

http://www.sfgenealogy.com/sf/history/hbbeg11.htm

The Beginnings of San Francisco, Chapter X1: Spanish Administration, 1769-1846

Eldredge, Zoeth Skinner. The Beginnings of San Francisco. c 1912 San Francisco, Printed by John C. Rankin Company, NY

http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ca/state1/newca/newca3.html

Published in: on January 2, 1836 at 9:48 pm  Leave a Comment  

1835-09-29: Jose Castro becomes Governor ad interim of Alta California

On the death of Jose Figueroa (who appointed him on August 29, 1835), José Castro became the eighth Mexican governor of Alta California for his first term; September 29, 1835 to January 1836.

He later served a second term from November to December, 1836.

http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ca/state1/newca/newca3.html

http://www.californiaweekly.com/ca_governors.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_pre-statehood_governors_of_California

Published in: on September 30, 1835 at 7:58 pm  Leave a Comment  

1835-09-29: Governor Figueroa died of apoplectic stroke

September 29, 1835 – Governor José Figueroa, born in 1792, died of apoplexy. "His demise initiated a decade of chaos unprecedented even in California's turbulent past."

Fink, Augusta. Monterey: The Presence of the Past. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1972. p. 70

http://elibrary.unm.edu/oanm/NmU/nmu1%23mss611bc/nmu1%23mss611bc_m9.html

In his August 9, 1834 proclamation, he had begun the process of secularization and dispersement of the mission properties by granting many ranchos to Californians.

http://www.answers.com/topic/mariano-guadalupe-vallejo
http://www.mchsmuseum.com/secularization.html
http://history.acusd.edu/gen/OTSD/briefhistory.html

Published in: on September 29, 1835 at 12:00 am  Leave a Comment  

1835-08-29: José Castro appointed acting Governor of Alta California by Gov. Figueroa

August 29, 1835: José Castro was appointed Governor of Alta California by Gov. Figueroa.

http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ca/state1/newca/newca3.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jos%C3%A9_Castro

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_pre-statehood_governors_of_California 

Published in: on August 29, 1835 at 7:22 pm  Leave a Comment  

1835: Juan Miguel Anzar granted Aromitas rancho (Las Aromitas y Agua Caliente)

Juan Miguel Anzar, (who on December 29, 1838 would request the grant of Rancho Santa Ana with Manuel Larios) was granted Aromitas rancho (Las Aromitas y Agua Caliente).

Source: Memorial and Biographical History, Coast Counties Central California. Lewis Publishing Co. Biographies, 1893. p. 437.

http://www.sfgenealogy.com/sf/history/hb75yap5.htm
Note: Frederick A. MacDougall, the Anzar guardian, ended up owning this in 1862.

http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/EART/SanBenitoRanchos.html

Published in: on January 1, 1835 at 5:58 am  Leave a Comment  

1834: Quien Sabe and Santa Ana Alta California lands were unclaimed

In 1834 there were two tracts of unclaimed lands, Quien Sabe and Santa Ana, unlimited in quantity.

Abstract: V2 p. 247 – U.S. District Court findings.

1833: Juan Miguel Anzar comes to Alta California from Mexico (1839 Grantee of Santa Ana y Quien Sabe)

Juan Miguel Anzar came from Mexico with his brother Padre Jose Antonio Anzar, who was the last of the Franciscan Priests at San Juan Bautista.

Marjorie Pierce's book "East of the Gabilans." p. 116

December 29, 1838, the Rancho Santa Ana grant was first requested by Manuel Larios & Juan Miguel Anzar; Larios managed Anzar's properties. The petition was referred to the Ayuntamiento to which (sic) reported that the lands could be granted.

Monday, April 8, 1839, Ranchos Santa Ana and Quien Sabe were granted to Larios and Anzar by a concession declaring them owners by Governor Juan B. Alvarado, granting them equal shares. Source: Suit: v2 p.249-250

May 1, 1860: US Patent: Pres. James Buchanan in Washington "caused these letters to be made patent" Combined Ranch (stating boundaries): patented to Manuel Larios et. al California State Map ID number: MC 4:4-574 Grant number: 237 book A patents p 55-62

http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/EART/SanBenitoRanchos.html

1822-04-11: Alta California becomes a province of the Mexican Empire

April 11, 1822: Alta California became a province of the Mexican Empire.

"Pablo Vincente de Solá was the Alta's California's last Spanish Governor and its first Mexican Governor. His term as Spanish governor formally ended when he swore allegiance to Emperor Iturbide on April 11, 1822"

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agust%C3%ADn_de_Iturbide 

http://www.notfrisco.com/calarchive/governors.html 

http://www.books-about-california.com/Pages/History_of_California_HEB/History_of_California_Govn.html

http://www.sbthp.org/soldados/StBarbara/Califmex.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alta_California 

Published in: on April 11, 1822 at 10:16 pm  Leave a Comment  

1811: Spanish Rule over California Ends; Mexican Rule Begins

From the California Historical Society:

"On the morning of September 16, 1810, a priest named Miguel Hidalgo made a fiery speech in the town of Dolores [in the state of Guanajuato] in New Spain. His words set off a long and bloody war to make New Spain an independent country.

"During most of the war for Mexican independence, California remained uninvolved and unaffected. The only direct contact with the war came in 1818 when two "revolutionary" ships sacked and burned several settlements along the California coast. Three more years of fighting, all to the south of California, were necessary before Mexico achieved its independence in 1821.

"When news of Mexican independence reached California the following year, the old red and gold imperial flag of Spain was lowered over the presidio at Monterey. A crisp new flag, bearing an eagle and a snake, rose in its place. As the flag unfolded in the breeze, the assembled soldiers shouted: "Viva la independencia Mexicana!""

http://www.californiahistory.net/text_only/5_1_1.htm

http://www.nps.gov/prsf/history/mexican_period.htm

http://www.guanajuato.gob.mx/turismo/municipios/fram_dolhgo.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guanajuato

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dolores_Hidalgo

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Spain

Published in: on January 1, 1811 at 8:59 pm  Leave a Comment  

1799: Manuel Larios born in San José, Alta California (Santa Ana y Quien Sabe Grantee: 1839)

Manuel Larios was born in Pueblo of San Jose de Guadelupe, near Mission Santa Clara.

"East of the Gabilans" Valley Publishers, c 1976. Marjorie Pierce, p. xii

Library of Congress: 76-56566. ISBN: 0-913548-39-1. p. 79

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Jose,_California

December 29, 1838, the Rancho Santa Ana grant was first requested by Manuel Larios & Juan Miguel Anzar; Larios managed Anzar's properties. The petition was referred to the Ayuntamiento to which (sic) reported that the lands could be granted.

Monday, April 8, 1839, Ranchos Santa Ana and Quien Sabe were granted to Larios and Anzar by a concession declaring them owners by Governor Juan B. Alvarado, granting them equal shares. Source: Suit: v2 p.249-250

May 1, 1860: US Patent: Pres. James Buchanan in Washington "caused these letters to be made patent" Combined Ranch (stating boundaries): patented to Manuel Larios et. al California State Map ID number: MC 4:4-574 Grant number: 237 book A patents p 55-62

http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/EART/SanBenitoRanchos.html

http://www.sjbca.com/graves.html

Published in: on January 1, 1799 at 7:59 pm  Leave a Comment  

1797-06-24: San Juan Bautista founded by Padre Fermin de Lasuen

Mission San Juan Bautista was founded June 24, 1797 by Padre Fermin de Lasuen. It is the 15th of the 21 California Missions.http://www.san-juan-bautista.ca.us/history/history.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mission_San_Juan_Bautista

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferm%C3%ADn_Lasu%C3%A9n

Published in: on June 24, 1797 at 12:00 am  Leave a Comment  

1772-03-22: Father Juan Crespi named the San Benito River

The naming of the San Benito River by Padre Juan Crespi, March 21, 1772:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_Crespi

The Beginnings of San Francisco: Zoeth Skinner Eldredge, 1912, pp. 39-42
CHAPTER II. Exploration of the Bay of San Francisco, 1770-1775
http://www.sfgenealogy.com/sf/history/hbbeg2.htm
http://www.webroots.org/library/usahist/tbosf001.html

"Portolá established the presidio and mission of San Cárlos Borromeo de Monterey, June 3, 1770, and dispatched a messenger to the City of Mexico to the Marques de Croix, Viceroy of New Spain, announcing the addition of a new province to the realms of His Most Catholic Majesty, Don Cárlos III. For more than two hundred years Spain had claimed the Pacific coast of North America up to forty-two degrees but had done nothing to maintain her right by settlement. Now, in the foundation of Monterey, Alta California was brought under the flag of Spain and all nations were notified that she would protect her land from invasion and insult. The news of Portolá's success was received with joy and steps were at once taken to found on the shores of the great bay so recently discovered an establishment which, it was thought, would develop into a great commercial city. Portolá had been ordered to establish three missions: one at San Diego, one at Monterey, and one at some intermediate point, to be named for the good doctor serafico, San Buenaventura. It was now resolved to found five more missions in the new province and the guardian of the college of San Fernando was asked to furnish ten additional missionaries. The five missions proposed were San Gabriel, San Luis Obispo, San Antonio, San Francisco, and Santa Clara.

"On November 12, 1770, the viceroy instructed Don Pedro Fages, comandante of California (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedro_Fages), to explore the port of San Francisco for the purpose of establishing a presidio and mission there, since a place so important ought not to remain exposed to foreign occupation. This order was received by Fages some six months later. Fages had but nineteen men at Monterey, while at San Diego, Rivera had twenty-two. This was the entire military force in California. Two missions: San Diego and Monterey, had been founded, but the establishment of San Buenaventura had been delayed by lack of troops. Rivera was ordered to send a portion of his force to Fages in order that the latter might make the reconnaissance of San Francisco, but the Indians at San Diego were manifesting a hostile disposition and Rivera would not divide his force. So it was not until March 1772 that Fages found himself able to obey the order to explore the port of San Francisco.[1] On the 22d (sic) of March 1772, Fages left the presidio of Monterey with a guard of twelve soldiers, Father Juan Crespi, two servants, and a pack train, and taking a northeasterly course camped the first night on the bank of the Salinas river. The next morning they crossed the plains of Santa Delfina (Salinas valley), passed over the Gavilan mountains by the cañon of Gavilan creek, and descended into the San Benito valley, camping on the bank of the Arroyo de San Benito on the 21st, the day of St. Benedict*, giving the stream the name it now bears. The beautiful valley they called San Pascual Baílon. The next day they crossed the Pájaro river and entered the San Bernardino valley, naming it for Saint Bernardine of Siena, and camped for the night on an arroyo which they called Las Llagas de Nuestro Padre San Francisco—The Wounds of Our Father St. Francis. Ancient San Bernardino is now a part of the Santa Clara valley, but the Arroyo de Las Llagas still retains the name Fages gave it. The next day they passed into the upper Santa Clara valley, then called the Llano de Los Robles—the Plain of the Oaks—and keeping to the right of the great estero camped on an arroyo near the southeastern point of the bay. On Wednesday March 25th, they camped on San Leandro creek, called by them San Salvador de Horta. Thursday the 26th they were on the site of Alameda, then covered with a forest of oaks, and called the San Antonio creek, Arroyo del Bosque—Creek of the Grove. Looking across to the Golden Gate they named it La Bocana de la Ensenada de los Farallones—The Entrance to the Gulf of the Farallones. On Friday they looked from the Berkeley hills through the Golden Gate to the broad Pacific. The next two days they followed the shore of San Pablo bay, hoping to get to the high sierra they saw to the north of La Bocana and reach Point Reyes near which, they believed, was the real port they were seeking. This they could not do because of an estero, quarter of a league wide, deep, and impassable without boats. To the mountain of the north (Tamalpais) they gave the name La Sierra de Nuestro Padre San Francisco, as it seemed to be the guardian of his port. On the opposite bank of that estero we call Carquines strait, they saw many rancherias whose Indians called to them, and seeing that the strangers were passing on, crossed the strait on their tule rafts and presented the travelers with their wild eatables.

* Benedict of Nursia, founder of the Benedictine order
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benedict_of_Nursia

Published in: on March 22, 1772 at 7:58 pm  Leave a Comment  

1770-06-03: Don Gaspar de Portola establishes presidio and mission at Monterey, Alta California

The Beginnings of San Francisco: Zoeth Skinner Eldredge, 1912, pp. 39-42
CHAPTER II. Exploration of the Bay of San Francisco, 1770-1775
http://www.sfgenealogy.com/sf/history/hbbeg2.htm
http://www.webroots.org/library/usahist/tbosf001.html

"Portolá established the presidio and mission of San Cárlos Borromeo de Monterey, June 3, 1770, and dispatched a messenger to the City of Mexico to the Marques de Croix, Viceroy of New Spain, announcing the addition of a new province to the realms of His Most Catholic Majesty, Don Cárlos III. For more than two hundred years Spain had claimed the Pacific coast of North America up to forty-two degrees but had done nothing to maintain her right by settlement. Now, in the foundation of Monterey, Alta California was brought under the flag of Spain and all nations were notified that she would protect her land from invasion and insult. The news of Portolá's success was received with joy and steps were at once taken to found on the shores of the great bay so recently discovered an establishment which, it was thought, would develop into a great commercial city. Portolá had been ordered to establish three missions: one at San Diego, one at Monterey, and one at some intermediate point, to be named for the good doctor serafico, San Buenaventura. It was now resolved to found five more missions in the new province and the guardian of the college of San Fernando was asked to furnish ten additional missionaries. The five missions proposed were San Gabriel, San Luis Obispo, San Antonio, San Francisco, and Santa Clara.

Published in: on June 3, 1770 at 1:01 pm  Leave a Comment