1897-12-27 Josepha Estrada de Abrego Dies [Mother of Julia Abrego, Joaquin Bolado’s Wife]


Births, Marriages & Deaths — Oct-Dec 1897

The Free Lance Hollister, San Benito Co., CA

December 31, 1897

DEATH OF A NOTED WOMAN — Mrs. Josefa [Maria Casilda Aniceta] ESTRADA de ABREGO, a lady who was intimately associated with some of the most prominent characters in early California history and a witness of many stirring events, died last Monday morning [Dec. 27, 1897] at 3 o’clock at her residence in Monterey.

Deceased was nearly 85 years of age, having been born in the old capital by the sea in the year 1812. She was highly connected and was a half-sister to Governor [Juan Bautista] ALVARADO.

Her husband, Don José ABREGO, to whom she was married in 1836, was very prominent in the affairs of this State while it was still under Mexican domination. According to BANCROFT’s history of California, he came to Monterey from Mexico in 1814, and was a hatter and trader. By intelligence, capability and good repute he held office almost continuously from that time until 1846. He was commissary of the police, Administrator of the San Antonio Mission, customs officer, member of the Assembly, sub-member of the Superior Tribunal and its treasurer. As such official he had charge of the territorial finances from 1839 to 1846, and was noted for his integrity and ability. In 1844 he was the grantee of the Point Pinos rancho, where now stands Pacific Grove. He died in [April 4] 1878, at the age of 65. His wife and 6 children survived him.

Judge W.H. WEBB had married one daughter, who died, after which he married a second one, his present wife and the sole surviving daughter of Mrs. ABREGO. The third daughter [Julia Josepha Abrego, d. January 10, 1891)] married Joaquin BOLADO, now deceased. — Salinas Index. Deceased was the grandmother of Mrs. Gaston ASHE [Julia {Dulce} Bolado], of [Rancho] Santa Anita.

1845-02-22: Pio Pico – the last Mexican Governor of Alta California

With the routing of Governor Micheltorena and his convict soldiers, Pio Pico becomes the last Mexican governor of Alta California.





Excerpt from Burbank – An Illustrated History by E. Caswell Perry:

"In 1842 an unpopular governor, Manuel Micheltorena, was appointed by Mexico City. Supported by his army of 300 cholos, or convict soldiers, he was bitterly resented by the Californios. In November 1844 an active revolt against him was initiated by both Northern and Southern Californians, themselves rivals but united in their desire to oust Micheltorena. Micheltorena defeated the northern faction, led by Jose Castro, near San Jose. But coming south to Los Angeles, even after building up his army to about 400, he was met by about the same number of Californios led by Juan Bautista Alvarado. The two small armies met between February 19-20, 1845, in the so-called Battle of Cahuenga. This was just west of Cahuenga Pass, on the San Fernando Valley side, at Alamos near present-day Studio City. One side had two small cannon, the other had three, and they limited their combat to a long-range artillery duel. The casualties totaled one horse and one mule, and both sides soon ran out of ammunition. The action could only be continued by each side's recovering the cannon balls of the other. Even today, an occasional cannon ball turns up when excavations are made in the battlefield area.

Micheltorena withdrew, stopping the desultory conflict. Finally, on February 22, Micheltorena agreed to leave California, taking his army with him. For all practical purposes, Mexico's control of Alta California was a thing of the past. Pio Pico was made the civil governor at Los Angeles and Jose Castro set up a rival regime at Monterey."


Published in: on February 22, 1845 at 2:34 am  Leave a Comment  

1842-08-25: Micheltorena Arrives; Ends Alvarado’s governorship

Thursday, August 25, 1842: Brigadier General Manuel Micheltorena arrived in San Diego. He was the last of the governors to be appointed by President Antonio López de Santa Anna in Mexico City. His arrival ended Alvarado's governorship which began December 7, 1836.  During his term Alvarado bestowed 28 land grants totaling over a quarter of a million acres.

Alvarado willingly turned over responsibility to Micheltorena.

Fink, Augusta. Monterey: The Presence of the Past. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1972.. p. 78. 





"On one of his trips south, Capt. Fitch's trading ship put into Mazatlán and he learned about a new governor for California, Gen. Manuel Micheltorena, who had fought with Gen. Santa Anna in Texas, and had arrived at Tepic, near the port of San Blas, with a military force of convicts and some regular soldiers, who, presumably, were along to guard the convicts. "California," wrote Capt. Fitch, "will be in a devil of a mess after their arrival." The relative peace in California was about to come to an end. The cen­tral government of Mexico had begun to fear the growing domination of California affairs by foreigners and had decided to re-establish its authority over the distant provinces. Micheltorena was given extraordinary powers and even allowed to "select" the convicts for his "army." It was accompanied by the usual female camp followers.

The new governor and his army, beset by desertions, embarked at Mazatlán in four ships. The general arrived at San Diego on August 25, 1842. With him were Col. Agustín Zamorano, in a dying condition, and Capt. Nicanor Estrada, both of whom had played such leading roles in the rebellions in Southern California. The ships arrived separately over a period of nine days. Many of the convicts died on the long sea voyage and others were seasick or disgruntled. None of the reports agree as to how many actually reached here, the estimates ranging all the way from 300 to 600."

Pourade, Richard F. The Silver Dons – The History of San Diego 1833-1865 . Copley Press. c 1963. 


"Others took note, as well. In 1845, with war between the United States and Mexico still a year off, Alta California was ruled by the unpopular Gov. Manuel Micheltorena. His predecessor, Juan Alvarado, mounted an insurrection. Taking Micheltorena's side was none other than John Sutter.     Alvarado's forces prevailed, driving Micheltorena back to Mexico in a one-day battle that cost no lives — but not before throwing Sutter and his right-hand man, John Bidwell, into a prison near the Mission San Fernando. They were soon released. Bidwell headed north through Placerita Canyon and observed the gold mining operations, vowing to hunt for the metal upon his return to Sutter's Fort. When he reached his destination he would meet a new arrival — James Marshall."

Published in: on August 25, 1842 at 1:34 am  Leave a Comment  

1841-11: First Organized American Group Penetrates California for Settlement

…And in 1841, the first organized American group penetrated California for the purpose of settlement when Bidwell-Bartleson party crossed the Sierra. They were the vanguard of a different breed of men who were ready to take aggressive action to bring about American conquest. Vallejo, who had supported Alvarado in the Graham affair, now felt the need for more drastic measures. He petitioned the Mexican government to send a new governor, accompanied by a strong force of well-trained troops and a contingent of colonists, to counteract foreign immigration"

Fink, Augusta. Monterey: The Presence of the Past. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1972. p. 76


1839-04-08: Santa Ana y Quien Sabe granted to Larios and Anzar

Monday, April 8, 1839: Rancho Santa Ana y Quien Sabe was granted to Larios and Anzar by a concession declaring them owners by Governor Juan B. Alvarado, granting them equal shares.

That the extent of said lands granted is not mentioned but reference is made to maps accompanying same sources; traced copies are attached to findings and made a part thereof.

Built ranch houses and corrals. Estanislao Hernandez occupied Anzar house. Anzar and Larios entered into the joint occupation of said lands granted. Each built ranch houses about 200 yards apart also corrals for their cattle on the Santa Ana. Their cattle with their overseers roaming over the whole tract.

Abstract: v2 p.249-250 — v.2 p.230

(for $50.00)? v.1 p.41? —- Dividing Line between Santa Ana and Quien Sabe was supposed to be:
From the creek called Arroyo del Pecacho running along the summit of the mountains or ridge which separated the two places in all the meandering of the said ridge passing by the place called Aguage (watering place?) del Clerigo, leaving in the side of Juan Anzar the place called Llanitos and there turning and running to a point called Puerto del Rosario.

Abstract, v.2 p.230

This grant was patented May 1, 1860 to Manuel Larios et. al.
Commission 022, Expediente 127, 48,822.60 Acres, District Court 258.
See also:

Pierce, Marjorie. "East of the Gabilans" Valley Publishers, c 1976 Library of Congress: 76-56566. ISBN: 0-913548-39-1. p. 118.

1839-03-12: Governor referred petition for Santa Ana to prefect.

Governor Juan Bautista Alvarado referred the petition for Santa Ana to prefect Don José Ramón Estrada.

Abstract. v2. P.249

prefect – governmental official during the Mexican Period, subordinate to the governor, who administered a prefectura.


1836-11-06: Juan Bautista Alvarado seizes Governorship of Alta California

November 6, 1836: Juan Bautista Alvarado seizes the Governorship of Alta California.

"Juan Bautista Alvarado, from 1836 to 1842. On November 6, 1836, the Departmental Assembly declared California a free and independent state, overthrew Gutierrez, who left the country, and Alvarado became governor. On August 20, 1837, Antonio Carrillo wrote to Governor Alvarado that his brother Carlos Antonio Carrillo had been appointed governor by the President. In 1838 Alvarado was appointed governor ad interim by the supreme government, and August 7, 1839, he was appointed permanent governor by the President. He died at San Pablo, July 13, 1882."


"Alvarado served as governor through a tumulteous period, having risen to power when Californios rejected central government and chose to secede from Mexico. Mexican officials negotiated the return of California and gave Alvarado the governorship. For a short period, Jose Castro formed a counter-government to Alvarado (November 5 to December 7, 1836)"












Published in: on November 6, 1836 at 12:00 am  Leave a Comment