1849-06-26: Joaquin Bolado arrives at Monterey

Joaquin Bolado of Santander, Spain, arrives at Monterey California on Schooner Maria (aka Mary) after a voyage of 62 days from San Blas, Mexico.

1848-07-04: Treaty of Guadelupe Hidalgo Proclaimed

The treaty was signed on February 2, 1848 and ratified by the United States Senate on March 10 and by Mexico on May 19, 1848.



Published in: on July 4, 1848 at 12:00 am  Leave a Comment  

1848-02-02: Peace Treaty of Guadelupe Hidalgo signed; Mexico Cedes California to the US

Treaty of Guadelupe Hidalgo signed, ending U.S. Mexican war. As a part of the Mexican Cession, in return for $15 million, Mexico ceeds California to the US.


Published in: on February 2, 1848 at 5:34 pm  Leave a Comment  

1847-01-26: William Tecumseh Sherman lands at Monterey

William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891), the future Civil War Union Army General, now junior first lieutenant of Company C, 1, Third Artillery, is stationed at Fort Moultrie, South Carolina.

Sherman leaves Fort Columbus (Fort Jay, Governor's Island, NY) July 14, 1846 for a 198-day trip around Cape Horn aboard the U.S. store ship Lexington to Monterey, Alta California, Mexico.
From his memoirs:

"We found the people of Monterey a mixed set of Americans, native Mexicans, and Indians, about one thousand all told. They were kind and pleasant, and seemed to have nothing to do, except such as owned ranches in the country for the rearing of horses and cattle."

"These fellows would work all day on horseback in driving cattle or catching wild horses for a mere nothing, but all the money offered would not have hired one of them to walk a mile. The girls were very fond of dancing, and they did dance gracefully and well. Every Sunday, regularly, we had a baile, or dance, and sometimes interspersed through the week."

February, 1847: " In the morning we crossed the Salinas Plain, about fifteen miles of level ground, taking a shot occasionally at wild-geese, which abounded there, and entering the well-wooded valley that comes out from the foot of the Gavillano. We had cruised about all day, and it was almost dark when we reached the house of a Senor Gomez, father of those who at Monterey had performed the parts of Adam and Eve. His house was a two-story adobe, and had a fence in front. It was situated well up among the foothills of the Gavillano, and could not be seen until within a few yards.

We hitched our horses to the fence and went in just as Gomez was about to sit down to a tempting supper of stewed hare and tortillas. We were officers and caballeros and could not be ignored. After turning our horses to grass, at his invitation we joined him at supper. The allowance, though ample for one, was rather short for three, and I thought the Spanish grandiloquent politeness of Gomez, who was fat and old, was not over-cordial. However, down we sat, and I was helped to a dish of rabbit, with what I thought to be an abundant sauce of tomato. Taking a good mouthful, I felt as though I had taken liquid fire; the tomato was chile colorado, or red pepper, of the purest kind. It nearly killed me, and I saw Gomez's eyes twinkle, for he saw that his share of supper was increased. I contented myself with bits of the meat, and an abundant supply of tortillas. Ord was better case-hardened, and stood it better.

We stayed at Gomez's that night, sleeping, as all did, on the ground, and the next morning we crossed the hill by the bridle-path to the old Mission of San Juan Bautista. The Mission was in a beautiful valley, very level, and bounded on all aides by hills. The plain was covered with wild-grasses and mustard, and had abundant water. Cattle and horses were seen in all directions, and it was manifest that the priests who first occupied the country were good judges of land.It was Sunday, and all the people, about, a hundred, had come tochurch from the country round about. Ord was somewhat of a Catholic, and entered the church with his clanking spars and kneeled down, attracting the attention of all, for he had on the uniform of an American officer. As soon as church was out, all rushed to the various sports.

I saw the priest, with his gray robes tucked up, playing at billiards, others were cock fighting, and some at horse-racing. My horse had become lame, and I resolved to buy another. As soon as it was known that I wanted a horse, several came for me, and displayed their horses by dashing past and hauling them up short. There was a fine black stallion that attracted my notice, and, after trying him myself, I concluded a purchase. I left with the seller my own lame horse, which he was to bring to me at Monterey, when I was to pay him ten dollars for the other. The Mission of San Juan bore the marks of high prosperity at a former period, and had a good pear-orchard just under the plateau where stood the church.

After spending the day, Ord and I returned to Monterey, about thirty-five miles, by a shorter route, Thus passed the month of February, and, though there were no mails or regular expresses, we heard occasionally from Yerba Buena and Sutter's Fort to the north, and from the army and navy about Los Angeles at the south. We also knew that a quarrel had grown up at Los Angeles, between General Kearney, Colonel Fremont, and Commodore Stockton, as to the right to control affairs in California."July, 1847: "The next day toward night we approached the Mission of San Francisco, and the village of Yerba Buena, tired and weary–the wind as usual blowing a perfect hurricane, and a more desolate region it was impossible to conceive of."





Published in: on January 26, 1847 at 3:27 am  Leave a Comment  

1847-01-13: Treaty of Cahuenga ends U.S. Mexican War

End of Mexican war with US.

The Treaty of Campo de Cahuenga


Know ye that, in consequence of propositions of peace, or cessation of hostilities, being submitted to me, as commandant of the California Battalion of United States forces, which have so far been acceded to by me as to cause me to appoint a board of commissioners to confer with a similar board appointed by the Californians, and it requiring a little time to close the negotiation; it is agreed upon and ordered by me that entire cessation of hostilities shall take place until tomorrow afternoon (January 13th), and that the said Californians be permitted to bring in their wounded to the mission of San Fernando, where, also, If they choose, they can remove their camp, to facilitate said negotiations.

Given under my hand and seal this twelfth day of January, 1847.

J. C. Fremont Lieutenant-Colonel United States Army, and Military Commandant of California

Articles of Capitulation made and entered into at the Rancho of Cahuenga, this thirteenth day of January, Anno Domini, eighteen hundred and forty-seven between P. B. Reading, Major; Louis McLane, Jr., Commanding Artillery; Wm. H. Russell, Ordnance Officer, Commissioners appointed by J. C. Fremont, Lieutenant-Colonel United States Army and Military Commandant of the Territory of California; and Jose Antonio Carillo, Commandante de Esquadron, Augustin Olivera, Diputado, Commissioners, appointed by Don Andres Pico, commander-in-chief of the California forces under the Mexican flag.


Published in: on January 13, 1847 at 4:39 pm  Leave a Comment  

1846-07-07: Commodore John Drake Sloat claims all of California for the United States

Commodore John D. Sloat raises the American flag over the Customs House in Monterey claiming Monterey and all of California for the United States.

Sloat was Commander-in-chief of the United States naval forces in the Pacific ocean.











"GENERAL STEPHEN W. KEARNY was placed in command of the Army of the West, with instructions to conquer New Mexico and California. He left Fort Leavenworth in June, 1846, and, after a journey of 900 miles over the great plains and among mountain ranges, he arrived at Santa Fe, Aug. 18, having met with no resistance. Appointing Charles Brent governor, he marched towards California, and was soon met by an express from COMMODORE ROBERT F. STOCKTON, and LIEUT-COL. JOHN C. FREMONT, informing him that the conquest of California had been achieved. Fremont and a party of explorers, sixty in number, joined by American settlers in the vicinity of San Francisco, had captured a Mexican force at Sonoma pass, June 15, 1846, with the garrison, nine cannon, and 250 muskets. He then defeated another force at Sonoma, and drove the Mexican authorities out of that region of country. On July 5 the Americans in California declared themselves independent, and put Fremont at the head of affairs. On the 7th Commodore Sloat, with a squadron, bombarded and captured Monterey, on the coast; on the 9th Commodore Montgomery took possession of San Francisco. Commodore Stockton and Colonel Fremont took possession of Los Angeles on Aug. 17, and there they were joined by Kearny, who had sent the main body of his troops back to Santa Fe. Fremont went to Monterey, and there assumed the office of governor, and proclaimed, Feb. 8, 1847, the annexation of California to the United States."


The second Cyane, a sloop, was launched 2 December 1837 by Boston Navy Yard. She was commissioned in May 1838, Commander J. Percival in command.

She sailed 24 June 1838 for duty in the Mediterranean, returning to Norfolk 16 May 1841. She cleared 1 November 1841 for the Pacific Station, returning 1 October 1844. Sailing again for the Pacific 10 August 1845, Cyane served on the west coast during the Mexican War. On 7 July 1846 her commanding officer, Captain W. Mervine, led a detachment of Marines and sailors from Commodore Sloat's squadron ashore at Monterey, Calif., hoisting the American flag at the Customs House and claiming possession of the city and all of upper California.

On 26 July 1846 Lieutenant Colonel J. C. Fremont's California Battalion boarded Cyane, now under the command of Commander S. F. DuPont, and she sailed for San Diego 29 July. A detachment of Marines and sailors from Cyane landed and took possession of the town, raising the American flag. They were followed shortly by the Fremont volunteers and Cyane's detachment returned aboard to sail for San Blas where a landing party destroyed a Mexican battery 2 September.

Entering the Gulf of California, Cyane seized La Paz and burned the small fleet at Guaymas. Within a month she cleared the Gulf of hostile ships, destroying or capturing 30 vessels. In company with Independence and Congress, she captured the town of Mazatlan, Mexico, 11 November 1847. She returned to Norfolk 9 October 1848 to receive the congratulations of the Secretary of the Navy for her significant contributions to American victory in Mexico.





1845-02-22: Pio Pico – the last Mexican Governor of Alta California

With the routing of Governor Micheltorena and his convict soldiers, Pio Pico becomes the last Mexican governor of Alta California.





Excerpt from Burbank – An Illustrated History by E. Caswell Perry:

"In 1842 an unpopular governor, Manuel Micheltorena, was appointed by Mexico City. Supported by his army of 300 cholos, or convict soldiers, he was bitterly resented by the Californios. In November 1844 an active revolt against him was initiated by both Northern and Southern Californians, themselves rivals but united in their desire to oust Micheltorena. Micheltorena defeated the northern faction, led by Jose Castro, near San Jose. But coming south to Los Angeles, even after building up his army to about 400, he was met by about the same number of Californios led by Juan Bautista Alvarado. The two small armies met between February 19-20, 1845, in the so-called Battle of Cahuenga. This was just west of Cahuenga Pass, on the San Fernando Valley side, at Alamos near present-day Studio City. One side had two small cannon, the other had three, and they limited their combat to a long-range artillery duel. The casualties totaled one horse and one mule, and both sides soon ran out of ammunition. The action could only be continued by each side's recovering the cannon balls of the other. Even today, an occasional cannon ball turns up when excavations are made in the battlefield area.

Micheltorena withdrew, stopping the desultory conflict. Finally, on February 22, Micheltorena agreed to leave California, taking his army with him. For all practical purposes, Mexico's control of Alta California was a thing of the past. Pio Pico was made the civil governor at Los Angeles and Jose Castro set up a rival regime at Monterey."


Published in: on February 22, 1845 at 2:34 am  Leave a Comment  

1842-08-25: Micheltorena Arrives; Ends Alvarado’s governorship

Thursday, August 25, 1842: Brigadier General Manuel Micheltorena arrived in San Diego. He was the last of the governors to be appointed by President Antonio López de Santa Anna in Mexico City. His arrival ended Alvarado's governorship which began December 7, 1836.  During his term Alvarado bestowed 28 land grants totaling over a quarter of a million acres.

Alvarado willingly turned over responsibility to Micheltorena.

Fink, Augusta. Monterey: The Presence of the Past. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1972.. p. 78. 





"On one of his trips south, Capt. Fitch's trading ship put into Mazatlán and he learned about a new governor for California, Gen. Manuel Micheltorena, who had fought with Gen. Santa Anna in Texas, and had arrived at Tepic, near the port of San Blas, with a military force of convicts and some regular soldiers, who, presumably, were along to guard the convicts. "California," wrote Capt. Fitch, "will be in a devil of a mess after their arrival." The relative peace in California was about to come to an end. The cen­tral government of Mexico had begun to fear the growing domination of California affairs by foreigners and had decided to re-establish its authority over the distant provinces. Micheltorena was given extraordinary powers and even allowed to "select" the convicts for his "army." It was accompanied by the usual female camp followers.

The new governor and his army, beset by desertions, embarked at Mazatlán in four ships. The general arrived at San Diego on August 25, 1842. With him were Col. Agustín Zamorano, in a dying condition, and Capt. Nicanor Estrada, both of whom had played such leading roles in the rebellions in Southern California. The ships arrived separately over a period of nine days. Many of the convicts died on the long sea voyage and others were seasick or disgruntled. None of the reports agree as to how many actually reached here, the estimates ranging all the way from 300 to 600."

Pourade, Richard F. The Silver Dons – The History of San Diego 1833-1865 . Copley Press. c 1963. 


"Others took note, as well. In 1845, with war between the United States and Mexico still a year off, Alta California was ruled by the unpopular Gov. Manuel Micheltorena. His predecessor, Juan Alvarado, mounted an insurrection. Taking Micheltorena's side was none other than John Sutter.     Alvarado's forces prevailed, driving Micheltorena back to Mexico in a one-day battle that cost no lives — but not before throwing Sutter and his right-hand man, John Bidwell, into a prison near the Mission San Fernando. They were soon released. Bidwell headed north through Placerita Canyon and observed the gold mining operations, vowing to hunt for the metal upon his return to Sutter's Fort. When he reached his destination he would meet a new arrival — James Marshall."

Published in: on August 25, 1842 at 1:34 am  Leave a Comment  

1841: Joaquin Bolado in Zacatecas, Mexico

Joaquin Bolado was in Zacatecas, Mexico from 1841-1849.

Bolado and José G. Arques would later purchase the Santa Ana y Quien Sabe Rancho on Friday, November 2, 1866.


Web article quoting Joaquin Bolado obituary – Hollister Free Lance, 12/7/1894



Published in: on January 1, 1841 at 12:48 am  Leave a Comment  

1840-05-21: Santa Ana y Quien Sabe Grant Approved by Departmental Junta

Thursday, May 21, 1840: The Santa Ana y Quien Sabe grant was approved by Departmental Junta of the Territory of Upper California.

Abstract V2. P. 250, v.2 p.230 v.2 p.230
(for $50.00)
V.1 p.41

San Benito County: District Court Files – Book N. Page 86 (46-86)

1839-03-30: Anzar and Larios request Quien Sabe to be added to their claim

Manuel Larios and Juan Miguel Anzar presented to the prefect of the "1s" District their joint petition in which they recited their former petition on the 29th December 1839 and pray in addition for Quien Sabe.

That neither of said petitioners contained any further description of said Ranchos, than in the petition of the Negretes and none of them make mention of the quantity of land in either or both of said pieces.

Prefect ordered petitions of Anzar and Larios to be attached.

Abstract, v2. p.249


1839: Juan Miguel Anzar becomes Justice of the Peace in San Juan Bautista

1839 – 1841: Juan Miguel Anzar served as Justice of the Peace in San Juan Bautista. He "favored the cause of the United States."

Memorial and Biographical History of the Coast Counties Central California Illustrated. Lewis Publishing Co. Biographies. 1893. p. 437

Published in: on January 1, 1839 at 10:53 pm  Leave a Comment  

1836-11-06: Juan Bautista Alvarado seizes Governorship of Alta California

November 6, 1836: Juan Bautista Alvarado seizes the Governorship of Alta California.

"Juan Bautista Alvarado, from 1836 to 1842. On November 6, 1836, the Departmental Assembly declared California a free and independent state, overthrew Gutierrez, who left the country, and Alvarado became governor. On August 20, 1837, Antonio Carrillo wrote to Governor Alvarado that his brother Carlos Antonio Carrillo had been appointed governor by the President. In 1838 Alvarado was appointed governor ad interim by the supreme government, and August 7, 1839, he was appointed permanent governor by the President. He died at San Pablo, July 13, 1882."


"Alvarado served as governor through a tumulteous period, having risen to power when Californios rejected central government and chose to secede from Mexico. Mexican officials negotiated the return of California and gave Alvarado the governorship. For a short period, Jose Castro formed a counter-government to Alvarado (November 5 to December 7, 1836)"












Published in: on November 6, 1836 at 12:00 am  Leave a Comment  

1836-11-05: José Castro becomes Governor of Alta California in Counter-Government

José Castro becomes Governor of Alta California for the second time from November 5 to December 7, 1836 in opposition to Governor Juan Bautista Alvarado.


"Alvarado served as governor through a tumulteous period, having risen to power when Californios rejected central government and chose to secede from Mexico. Mexican officials negotiated the return of California and gave Alvarado the governorship. For a short period, Jose Castro formed a counter-government to Alvarado (November 5 to December 7, 1836)."






Published in: on November 5, 1836 at 10:34 pm  Leave a Comment  

1836-09-06: Nicolas Gutierrez becomes Governor of Alta California

Nicolas Gutierrez becomes Governor of Alta California.

Published in: on September 6, 1836 at 10:30 pm  Leave a Comment  

1836-05-03: Mariano Chico becomes Governor of Alta California

May 3, 1836, Mariano Chico becomes Governor of Alta California.

"After Figueroa's death in September 1835, Mariano Chico was appointed governor in January 1836, but he was very unpopular. Thinking a revolt was coming, he returned to Mexico to gather troops, but was reprimanded for leaving his post. Nicolas Gutierrez, the military commandante, assumed the governorship, but he too was unpopular. Alvarado (now senior member of the legislature) and [José] Castro, with political support from Vallejo and assistance from a group of Americans led by Isaac Graham, staged a revolt and forced Gutierrez to relinquish power"


"In January 1836, [Abel] Stearns was appointed to the "Comision de Policia" or the Committee for Public Order in Los Angeles. This was a vigilante group as there was no formal law enforcement in the pueblo at the time. Later that same year, California was saddled with another unpopular governor from Mexico: Mariano Chico. Chico thought it was reprehensible what Stearns and the other instigators of the Victoria revolt did to depose the former governor. Stearns was again ordered exiled to Mexico, this time by Governor Chico. But as in 1831, Stearns was allowed to remain while his nemesis, the Mexican governor was ousted instead. Chico remained in power only two months whereupon he forced to leave on the very ship which he ordered to have Stearns taken to Mexico.

Kielbasa, John R. Historic Adobes of Los Angeles County c 1997

"Chico clashed with Californios when he insisted on centralized government. He left to seek aid to subdue his charges and never returned. He served from January 2 to May 1, 1836."


Published in: on May 3, 1836 at 10:04 pm  Leave a Comment  

1836-01-02: Nicolas Gutierrez becomes Governor ad interim of Alta California

"[Mariano] Chico, in leaving California, turned over the command, civil and military to Lieutenant Colonel Nicolas Gutierrez, who became governor ad interim. The diputacion resented this, believing the control should have been left with them.

In 1836 the Californians of the north rose in revolt and headed by Juan Bautista Alvarado, a young Californian of marked ability, drove Gutierrez from the country."


The Beginnings of San Francisco, Chapter X1: Spanish Administration, 1769-1846

Eldredge, Zoeth Skinner. The Beginnings of San Francisco. c 1912 San Francisco, Printed by John C. Rankin Company, NY


Published in: on January 2, 1836 at 9:48 pm  Leave a Comment  

1835-09-29: Jose Castro becomes Governor ad interim of Alta California

On the death of Jose Figueroa (who appointed him on August 29, 1835), José Castro became the eighth Mexican governor of Alta California for his first term; September 29, 1835 to January 1836.

He later served a second term from November to December, 1836.




Published in: on September 30, 1835 at 7:58 pm  Leave a Comment  

1835-09-29: Governor Figueroa died of apoplectic stroke

September 29, 1835 – Governor José Figueroa, born in 1792, died of apoplexy. "His demise initiated a decade of chaos unprecedented even in California's turbulent past."

Fink, Augusta. Monterey: The Presence of the Past. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1972. p. 70


In his August 9, 1834 proclamation, he had begun the process of secularization and dispersement of the mission properties by granting many ranchos to Californians.


Published in: on September 29, 1835 at 12:00 am  Leave a Comment  

1835-08-29: José Castro appointed acting Governor of Alta California by Gov. Figueroa

August 29, 1835: José Castro was appointed Governor of Alta California by Gov. Figueroa.




Published in: on August 29, 1835 at 7:22 pm  Leave a Comment  

1835: Juan Miguel Anzar granted Aromitas rancho (Las Aromitas y Agua Caliente)

Juan Miguel Anzar, (who on December 29, 1838 would request the grant of Rancho Santa Ana with Manuel Larios) was granted Aromitas rancho (Las Aromitas y Agua Caliente).

Source: Memorial and Biographical History, Coast Counties Central California. Lewis Publishing Co. Biographies, 1893. p. 437.

Note: Frederick A. MacDougall, the Anzar guardian, ended up owning this in 1862.


Published in: on January 1, 1835 at 5:58 am  Leave a Comment  

1834-12-18: Francisco del Castillo Negrete adds Santa Ana to claim

December 18, 1834, Negrete presented to the political chief of California his petition for Santa Ana. A decree of concession was duly signed by Governor Castro.

The court later found that after this date, “no other further proceedings were had upon said petitions except as hereinafter mentioned in favor of said Negrete, nor was juridicial possession of either of said tracts ever given to either of these, nor were the boundaries of either of said tracts established by any competent authority under the Mexican law, nor were they occupied.

The Negrete (sic) abandoned their claims and the lands were subsequently denounced by Juan Miguel Anzar and Manuel Larios.”

Abstract, v2 p. 248

From: U.S. District Court. California, Southern District. Land case 370 SD, page 113; land case map D-1414 (Bancroft Library). Francisco del Castillo Negrete, clmt.

Diseños: (Original hand-drawn maps in the Bancroft Library)


1834-12-07 – Francisco del Castillo Negrete requests grant of Quien Sabe

From Californio Families, A Brief Overview

by Alexander V. King

“In 1834, Mexican authorities, motivated by political considerations as well as the Russian presence above the San Francisco Bay at Fort Ross, organized a hapless enterprise called the “Hijar-Padres Colony”. Recruited from Mexico City and the Valley of Mexico, among those that settled in Alta California permanently were Jose Abrego, Juan N. Ayala, Charles Baric, Mariano Bonilla, Jose Ygnacio Franco Coronel, Jose Maria Covarrubias, Nicanor Estrada, Zenon Fernandez, Gumesindo Flores, Francisco Guerrero, Auguste Janssens, Francisco Castillo Negrete, Jesus Noe, Francisco Ocampo, Simon O’Donoju, Agustin Olvera, Victor Prudon, Jose de la Rosa and Florencio Serrano. Jose Maria Hijar (the financier) and Jose Maria Padres (the organizer)”http://www.sfgenealogy.com/spanish/calfam.htm

Sunday, December 7, 1834, Francisco Javier del Castillo Negrete presented to the political chief of California (under Governor Jose Figueroa, who was Governor of the Territory of Alta California from January 15, 1833 to September 28, 1835) his petition for a grant of Quien Sabe and a decree of concession was duly signed by Governor Castro (September 29, 1835 – January 1, 1836).



He tried but failed to secure a grant.

Diseños & Court Case info:



From: U.S. District Court. California, Southern District. Land case 370 SD, page 113; land case map D-1414 (Bancroft Library). Francisco del Castillo Negrete, clmt.

1834-08-09: Upper California missions secularized by Gov. Figueroa

Upper California missions secularized by the Mexican government. In his August 9, 1834 proclamation, Governor Jose Figueroa began the process of secularization and dispersement of the first ten mission properties by granting ranchos to Californians.



Published in: on August 9, 1834 at 12:00 am  Leave a Comment  

1834: Quien Sabe and Santa Ana Alta California lands were unclaimed

In 1834 there were two tracts of unclaimed lands, Quien Sabe and Santa Ana, unlimited in quantity.

Abstract: V2 p. 247 – U.S. District Court findings.

1833: Juan Miguel Anzar comes to Alta California from Mexico (1839 Grantee of Santa Ana y Quien Sabe)

Juan Miguel Anzar came from Mexico with his brother Padre Jose Antonio Anzar, who was the last of the Franciscan Priests at San Juan Bautista.

Marjorie Pierce's book "East of the Gabilans." p. 116

December 29, 1838, the Rancho Santa Ana grant was first requested by Manuel Larios & Juan Miguel Anzar; Larios managed Anzar's properties. The petition was referred to the Ayuntamiento to which (sic) reported that the lands could be granted.

Monday, April 8, 1839, Ranchos Santa Ana and Quien Sabe were granted to Larios and Anzar by a concession declaring them owners by Governor Juan B. Alvarado, granting them equal shares. Source: Suit: v2 p.249-250

May 1, 1860: US Patent: Pres. James Buchanan in Washington "caused these letters to be made patent" Combined Ranch (stating boundaries): patented to Manuel Larios et. al California State Map ID number: MC 4:4-574 Grant number: 237 book A patents p 55-62


1824-10-04 Mexico Becomes a Republic

"The 1824 Constitution of Mexico was the first full constitution adopted by the Mexican Republic."


Published in: on October 4, 1824 at 1:43 am  Leave a Comment  

1822-04-11: Alta California becomes a province of the Mexican Empire

April 11, 1822: Alta California became a province of the Mexican Empire.

"Pablo Vincente de Solá was the Alta's California's last Spanish Governor and its first Mexican Governor. His term as Spanish governor formally ended when he swore allegiance to Emperor Iturbide on April 11, 1822"






Published in: on April 11, 1822 at 10:16 pm  Leave a Comment  

1811: Spanish Rule over California Ends; Mexican Rule Begins

From the California Historical Society:

"On the morning of September 16, 1810, a priest named Miguel Hidalgo made a fiery speech in the town of Dolores [in the state of Guanajuato] in New Spain. His words set off a long and bloody war to make New Spain an independent country.

"During most of the war for Mexican independence, California remained uninvolved and unaffected. The only direct contact with the war came in 1818 when two "revolutionary" ships sacked and burned several settlements along the California coast. Three more years of fighting, all to the south of California, were necessary before Mexico achieved its independence in 1821.

"When news of Mexican independence reached California the following year, the old red and gold imperial flag of Spain was lowered over the presidio at Monterey. A crisp new flag, bearing an eagle and a snake, rose in its place. As the flag unfolded in the breeze, the assembled soldiers shouted: "Viva la independencia Mexicana!""







Published in: on January 1, 1811 at 8:59 pm  Leave a Comment  

1810-09-16: Miguel Hidalgo starts Mexican War of Independence

From the California Historical Society:

"On the morning of September 16, 1810, a priest named Miguel Hidalgo made a fiery speech in the town of Dolores [in the state of Guanajuato] in New Spain. His words set off a long and bloody war to make New Spain an independent country.

"During most of the war for Mexican independence, California remained uninvolved and unaffected. The only direct contact with the war came in 1818 when two "revolutionary" ships sacked and burned several settlements along the California coast. Three more years of fighting, all to the south of California, were necessary before Mexico achieved its independence in 1821.

"When news of Mexican independence reached California the following year, the old red and gold imperial flag of Spain was lowered over the presidio at Monterey. A crisp new flag, bearing an eagle and a snake, rose in its place. As the flag unfolded in the breeze, the assembled soldiers shouted: "Viva la independencia Mexicana!""








Published in: on September 16, 1810 at 1:14 pm  Leave a Comment